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Mpumalanga Economic Regulator

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Arnold Hurt
Arnold HurtResponsible Gambling & Local Industry Expert
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The main organisation in charge of regulating the gambling and racing businesses in Mpumalanga is the Mpumalanga Economic Regulator (MER). MER is a key part of keeping trust and ethics in the gaming industry because it makes sure that there is fair play, openness, and responsible gambling.

The MER protects both consumers and operators by establishing and enforcing rules. This creates a favourable environment for maintaining ethical behaviour and long-term growth. 

As a key part of the region's regulatory framework, the MER supports standards that prioritise participants' safety while allowing the gambling, liquor, and racing industries to grow and thrive.

Mpumalanga economic regulator home

History and Establishment of the MER

The MER has its roots in how gaming laws have changed over time in South Africa's Mpumalanga province. The MER was created in line with the Mpumalanga Economic Regulator Act of 2017 (Act No. 2 of 2017). It is now the main organisation in charge of gambling, liquor, and horse racing in the province.

Mpumalanga's past gambling laws show that they have been getting more structured and accountable over time. As the gambling business grew and changed, stricter rules were needed to ensure fair play, protect players, and encourage responsible gambling. This change led to the creation of the MER, which combines all governing efforts into one organisation.

Some important pieces of legislation have had a major impact on how MER works. As a result of the Mpumalanga Economic Regulator Act of 2017, the MER is legally able to do its job and is responsible for overseeing the gaming, liquor, and racing industries. The Public Finance Management Act (PFMA), particularly sections 50 and 51, shows that the MER is also committed to honesty, transparency, and responsibility in its financial management.

The MER follows the good governance standards set out in the King IV Report on Governance for South Africa (2016). The MER's approach to regulatory oversight and decision-making is based on these principles, which stress ethical leadership, effective controls, and stakeholder involvement.

The creation of the MER is a big step forward in Mpumalanga's regulatory landscape. It shows that the gambling, liquor, and racing businesses are working together to maintain high standards of honesty, openness, and responsibility. The MER is committed to creating a safe, fair, and long-lasting playing environment for everyone by following the rules set out by the government.

Objectives and Functions of the MER

The MER has clear goals and duties that are meant to make sure that the gambling, liquor, and racing businesses in Mpumalanga are honest, fair, and run in a responsible way.

The goals are:

Industry Integrity

The MER wants to protect the reputation and fairness of the horse racing, liquor, and gambling industries by encouraging operators to be open, honest, and follow ethical standards. The MER helps build trust and confidence in the field by setting and enforcing standards of fairness and accountability.

Protecting Consumers

Another important goal of the MER is to keep people safe from unfair tactics, fraud, and exploitation in the racing, liquor, and gambling industries. This means keeping an eye on operators to make sure they follow the rules and laws that are meant to protect players' rights and interests.

Regulatory Oversight

The MER's main objective is to ensure that the government has control over gaming and racing activities in its region. This includes putting in place and following rules that protect both players’ and operators' interests.

What are the MER’s duties and functions?

Compliance Monitoring

The MER oversees operators to ensure their compliance with all rules, laws, and licence conditions. This includes checking that standards for fairness, security, and responsible gaming are being followed through inspections, audits, and probes.


If people don't follow the rules or break gambling laws, the MER can take enforcement measures like fines, licence suspension or revocation, or other punishments as needed to keep regulatory standards high.


The MER is in charge of issuing licences for gambling and racing operations that follow all laws and rules. This includes reviewing applications, checking the candidates' backgrounds, and making sure they follow the rules for getting a licence.

Promotion of Responsible Gaming

The MER is dedicated to encouraging responsible gaming habits and lowering the risks associated with problem gambling. This entails collaborating with various organisations to spread knowledge, provide assistance, and implement policies to prevent the harm that gambling can cause.

The MER's goals and duties clearly indicate that it is a very important regulatory body whose job it is to ensure that gaming, liquor, and horse racing in the province are honest, fair, and run responsibly.

Licencing Process

Here is a full, step-by-step guide to the licensing process that the MER oversees for operators. It includes the granting of different types of licences, like casino, betting, racing, and liquor licences, as well as the requirements and factors for each:

1. Sending In a Proposal

Operators who want to get a licence from MER need to send in a written application. This application usually has a lot of information about the operator's business, like who owns it, how stable its finances are, and what gaming or racing activities they want to run. For a liquor licence, operators need to provide more information about how they will sell and serve alcohol.

2. The Initial Review

The MER looks over the application first to make sure it meets the basic requirements and has all the required paperwork attached. Applications that aren't full or are wrong may be sent back to the applicant to be fixed or given more information.

3. Background Investigations

The MER does thorough background checks on both the applicant and key people who will be working on the project. This could include looking into their criminal history, if there is one, their finances, and whether they are otherwise qualified to hold a licence.

4. Evaluation and Review

The MER looks at the application based on set standards and requirements, such as following all laws and rules, being financially stable, being honest, and following responsible gambling practices. To get a liquor licence, operators have to show that they follow the rules about selling and serving alcohol.

5. A Public Notice, If Needed

The MER may issue a public notice to let people know about the planned gambling or racing operation and ask for their thoughts. This gives people who have an interest a chance to say what they think or object before a final decision is made.

6. Deciding and Giving the Licence

After the review process is over, the MER decides whether to grant the licence. If the application is accepted, MER gives the provider a licence that spells out the rules, conditions, and duties of running a gambling or racing business. A liquor licence also has specific rules about how alcohol can be sold and served.

Different Kinds of Licences

Betting Licence 

Allows the running of bookmaking businesses, both in-person and online.

Casino Licence

It allows a casino to operate and offer table games, slot machines, and other casino games at land-based venues and online.

Liquor Licence

Allows operators to sell and serve alcohol on the property as long as they follow the rules.

Racing Licence

This lets horse races, harness races, and other racing events happen.

Criteria and Requirements

The criteria and requirements for getting each type of licence are different because each action has its own set of rules. 

In general, operators must show that they are financially stable, honest, and follow all laws and rules that apply to them. As part of the application process, they may also have to provide thorough business plans, security measures, responsible gambling policies, and other paperwork to back up their claims. In order to get a liquor licence, operators must follow the rules about selling and serving alcohol and drinking responsibly.

Monitoring and Compliance

To ensure that gambling laws are being followed, the Mpumalanga Economic Regulator (MER) carefully monitors everything through audits, checks, and data analysis. The MER ensures that licensing rules, responsible gambling measures, and legal requirements are being followed by using advanced surveillance technology and on-site checks in the case of land-based venues.

MER's proactive actions are shown in case studies. For example, they fine people for not following the rules, suspend licences, or take corrective steps to lower risks. These actions show that MER is serious about being honest and protecting customers. They make Mpumalanga province a safer and more responsible place to drink, gamble, and enjoy racing.

Initiatives to Promote Responsible Gambling

Working with people in the gambling business and the community, the MER leads many projects to encourage responsible gambling. Through educational efforts, MER raises people's awareness of the dangers of gambling too much and gives them access to resources that can help and support them.

Partnerships with gambling businesses make it easier to set up self-exclusion programmes, tools for responsible gaming, and staff training to help players who are having problems with gambling. By promoting responsible gaming, the MER hopes to give people the tools they need to make smart decisions and lessen the negative effects of gambling too much, creating a safer and more stable gambling environment in Mpumalanga.

Economic Impact of Gambling in Mpumalanga

The gambling industry in Mpumalanga makes a big difference in the local economy by bringing in cash, job opportunities, and investments. The industry creates work in many fields, from entertainment and hospitality to construction and finance.  

However, it's hard to find a balance between economic rewards and social responsibilities, and this is where the MER comes in. For example, how do you deal with possible negative effects like problem gambling and the subsequent community breakdown? By encouraging regulators, operators, and communities to work together, which is what the MER does. 

This way, Mpumalanga gets the most economic benefits from the gambling business while minimising social risks. This ensures that economic growth is fair and sustainable.

What’s Happening with the MER Going Forward?

As the government agency in charge of gambling in Mpumalanga, the MER is very important for making sure that the business is honest and responsible. 

Recent events include attempts to improve responsible gambling programmes and change rules to fit how the market is changing, like the proliferation of online and mobile gambling. Looking ahead, the MER is dedicated to maintaining a fair and open gambling environment while also dealing with new issues like evolving technology and shifting player habits. 

It is important for the MER to keep regulating and adapting in order to protect customers and encourage long-term growth, and that’s what it is doing. This highlights MER's vital role in shaping the future of gambling in Mpumalanga province.

Find Out More

For further information or assistance regarding licencing or guidance from the Mpumalanga Economic Regulator (MER), please find the contact details below:

Office Address

Mpumalanga Economic Regulator Building

First Avenue White River

Mpumalanga Province

South Africa 1240

Telephone Numbers

Telephone: +27 (0) 13 750-8000

Facsimile: +27 (0) 13 750-8099

Email: ceo@mer.org.za

Postal Address

Private Bag X9908 White River

Mpumalanga Province

South Africa 1240

Business Hours

Monday to Friday

08h00 to 16h30

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Arnold Hurt is PlayCasino's Responsible Gambling & Local Industry Expert, with over a decade of experience in South Africa's online casino scene. A veteran gambler himself, Arnold understands the allure ...continue reading

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